Clinical Laboratory Assistant

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Clinical Laboratory Assistant

$550.00

A ROLE OF LABORATORY ASSISTANT
Understand the role of the Medical Laboratory Assistant in hospital and private
clinical laboratories and within the context of the health care system

List the major departments and sections within the clinical laboratory and the
major types of procedures done in each
List the departments and services within the health care system
Describe organizational roles and relationships of personnel within the laboratory
Discuss the scope and services provided by hospital Laboratories, private
laboratories and public health laboratories
Describe the work duties of the Medical Laboratory Assistant in hospital
laboratories
Demonstrate proficiency in the clinical laboratory assistant objectives performing at a 75% or higher on the basic principles and understanding the procedures of the tests as per instruction.

Clinical Lab assistant work directly in the lab

Clinical Laboratory Assistant

Total
$550.00

1. Apply knowledge of specimen collection and set up procedures.
2. Apply knowledge of safety measures, infection control and first aid for clinical laboratory.
3. Evaluate, document, and apply quality control procedures.
4. Identify sources of error and corrective actions.
5. Apply proper labeling, documentation methods, and preparation for specimen transport.
6. Describe the laboratory policies and procedures related to their clinical site.
7. Demonstrate the ability to communicate (verbally and non-verbally) effectively and appropriately with both clients and team members in the workplace.
8. Demonstrate a professional and positive attitude in the workplace and realize (through journals) the importance of professional development by pursuing and maintaining certification.
COURSE GOALS;
1. Demonstrate proficiency in the clinical objectives of each rotation assigned by verbalizing the basic principles and procedures of the tests in the department and demonstrating organizational and technical skills at the level required for each test performed.
2. Demonstrate initiative by reviewing course materials prior to and during the rotation, asking questions to advance understanding, research areas of weakness, and asking for additional work as needed.
3. Demonstrate the importance of punctuality and attendance at each day of clinical by maintaining an excellent attendance record and promptly notifying the CLA faculty and the clinical facility of any absences or tardiness.
4. Demonstrate professional behavior by maintaining a strong positive attitude, exhibiting a proactive attitude in developing the competencies required, developing and using good professional judgment in all matters concerning laboratory safety and interaction with patients, specimens, clinical staff, faculty and fellow students.
5. Demonstrate understanding of the needs and requirements of the clinical laboratory through awareness of the departmental workloads, maintaining accurate records, restocking supplies as necessary and cleaning up work area periodically through out the day and at the completion of clinical activities.
6. Maintain a safe laboratory environment by adhering to all applicable safety regulations as presented throughout the CLA Program which include, but not limited to, appropriate disinfection of work area, maintaining a neat, uncluttered, work area, wearing of appropriate personal protective equipment, and reporting hazards observed.
A ROLE OF LABORATORY ASSISTANT
Understand the role of the Medical Laboratory Assistant in hospital and private
clinical laboratories and within the context of the health care system

List the major departments and sections within the clinical laboratory and the
major types of procedures done in each
List the departments and services within the health care system
Describe organizational roles and relationships of personnel within the laboratory
Discuss the scope and services provided by hospital Laboratories, private
laboratories and public health laboratories
Describe the work duties of the Medical Laboratory Assistant in hospital
laboratories
B PROFESSIONALISM
Understand and discuss the components of professionalism

Accountability
Responsibility
Communication
Motivation and attitude
Dress code, personal hygiene, and appearance
Safety
Competence
Continuing Education
C LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES

Define legal and ethical terms and discuss how these terms apply to the Medical
Laboratory Assistant
Assault and Battery
Duty of Care
Competence
Confidentiality
Consent
Liability
Negligence
Ethics
Documentation
Patient Rights
D INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION

Identify, understand and practice the characteristics of effective communication
with patients and other members of the health care team
• Characteristics and qualities of caring: respect, courtesy, empathy, warmth
• Relationship of self awareness and self esteem
• Response to others – feedback, listening skills, verbal and non verbal
communication
• Negative effects of ineffective and unpleasant communication approaches
• Factors that may influence effective communication: Age, physical, mental
condition, Stress levels, fear, etc.
• Communication with members of the health care team: telephone, computer,
personal
E QUALITY MANAGEMENT AND IMPROVEMENT

The Laboratory Assistant must be able to explain the importance of quality
assurance as it relates to the role of the Laboratory Assistant within the Health
Care system
Define terms:
• Quality Assurance/ improvement
• Risk Management
• Utilization Management
• Quality Control
• Accuracy
• Precision
• Accreditation
UNIT 2
A. Anatomy and Physiology
B. Laboratory Terminology and
Measurement
C. Laboratory Safety and Infection
Control7
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
The medical laboratory assistant must be able to demonstrate basic knowledge
of the human body structure and some major body system functions
a. List and briefly describe the following body Systems:
• Integumentary
• Musculoskeletal
• Circulatory
• Urinary
• Digestive
• Respiratory
• Nervous
• Reproductive
• Endocrine
• Lymphatic
• Immune
b. Identify the main structures and functions of:
Circulatory system
• Blood components
• Coagulation
• Arteries, veins, capillaries relevant for blood collection
Urinary System
Respiratory System
Digestive System

Endocrine System
• Thyroid gland and hormones
• Pancreas and hormones
• Reproductive System and hormones

c. Discuss pathophysiology and common tests related to the above body
systems.
B LABORATORY TERMINOLOGY AND MEASUREMENT

Understand and use correct medical terminology related to the human anatomy
and physiology and measurements (basic SI units commonly used in the
laboratory and 24-hr clock)
a. Define and use correct terminology for anatomical terms related to
specimen collection
b. Terminology commonly used in the laboratory
c. Terminology related to the major body systems and diseases
d. Terminology related to the measurement systems used in the laboratory
• SI Units
• Metric System

C LABORATORY SAFETY AND INFECTION CONTROL

Understand basic principles of laboratory safety
a. Describe infectious diseases and etiological agents
• bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites
b. Explain the following
• basic mechanisms of disease transmission and host interaction with
emphasis on Hepatitis, HIV.
• Universal Precautions
• protective clothing and equipment
• isolation techniques
• cleaning routines
• means of disinfection and sterilization
• control of microbial populations
• chemical hazards found in the Laboratory
• electrical safety
• fire safety
• WHMIS
• importance of documentation and reporting requirements9
UNIT 3
A. Venipuncture
B. Skin Puncture Microcollection
C. Terminology and Conditions
D. Collection of Urine Specimens
E. Miscellaneous Specimen
Collection
F. Protocols and Procedures for
Processing, Transport and
Storage of Specimens 10
SPECIMEN COLLECTION
A VENIPUNCTURE
a. Must be able to identify and describe the types, parts and appropriate
uses of equipment required to collect specimens by venipuncture
• syringes
• needles (including butterfly needles)
• evacuated tubes and additives including adapters and holders
• tourniquets
• antiseptic cleansing solutions
• disposal systems for needles
b. Must be able to discuss and demonstrate correct Venipuncture
Technique
• patient identification
• proper patient positions for blood collection for adults and children
• labeling specimens
• sites for venipuncture
• order of draw
• care after collection
c. Dealing with unusual circumstances and common complications
associated with venipuncture
• Unconscious
• Impaired
• Abusive
• Anxious
• Uncooperative
• Fainting
• Failure to draw blood
• Hematoma
• Petechiae
• Obesity
• Schlerosed Veins
• Collapsed Veins
• Thrombosed or scarred Veins
• Burned area
• Infections
• Excessive Bleeding
• Rolling Veins
• Collapsed Veins
• Seizures
• Patient with no identification
B SKIN PUNCTURE MICROCOLLECTION

a. Must be able to identify and describe the types and appropriate uses of
equipment required to collect specimens by skin puncture
• skin puncture devices
• microcollection containers
• cleansing solutions

b. Discuss and demonstrate proper technique for skin puncture for adults,
children, infants and neonates
• choice of correct site and equipment
• warming, cleansing and collection technique
• complications and limitations of skin puncture collection
• care after collection 11
C TERMINOLOGY AND CONDITIONS
• basal state and factors affecting
• rational for rejection of specimens
• specimen priority
• Special conditions e.g. shunts and fistulas, edema, mastectomy,
oncology
• protocols regarding repeat collections
• special testing e.g. Blood Cultures, cold agglutinins, tolerance tests
• isolation techniques
D COLLECTION OF URINE SPECIMENS
a. Must be able to demonstrate knowledge and skills necessary for the
correct collection of urine specimens.
• routine and microscopic
• culture and sensitivity
• different types of urine specimens
• special instructions for collection
• random
• first morning
• timed
• midstream
• clean catch
• 24 hour urine
• equipment required for urine collection
• labeling
• transport, storage and treatment of urine specimens
• protocol for collecting urine specimens for drug analysis
E MISCELLANEOUS SPECIMEN COLLECTION
a. Understands the requirements and instructions for collection of
• Stool specimens for
¾ occult blood
¾ ova and parasites
¾ culture and sensitivity
¾ fecal fat
• Semen collection for
¾ fertility
¾ post vasectomy
• Therapeutic drug monitoring
• Sputum collection for
¾ culture and sensitivity
¾ cytology
• Synovial fluid 12
F PROTOCOLS AND PROCEDURES FOR PROCESSING, TRANSPORT AND
STORAGE OF SPECIMENS
a. Demonstrate knowledge of and requirements for the following
Clinical Chemistry
• Electrolytes
• Calcium
• Phosphorus
• Bilirubin
• Urea
• Creatinine
• Glucose
• Enzymes

• Proteins
• Iron
• Magnesium
• Hormones
• Blood Profiles

Hematology
• Blood counts: WBC, CBC, RBC, Platelets
• Hemoglobin
• Hematocrit
• Red Cell Morphology
• White cell differential
• Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
• Hemoglobin Electrophoresis
• Haptoglobin
• Coagulation Tests
• Prothrombin time
• Partial Thromboplastin time
• Antinuclear Antibody
• Rheumatoid Factor
• Anti DNA
• Monotest
Microbiology
• Categories of organisms
• Requirements for handling specimens for microbiological

analysis
• Immunology
• Immunohematology
Histology
Cytology
Laboratory Equipment 13
General requirements for transport including TDG storage and disposal
Documentation requirements
Students will run the following tests with equipment onsite for blood and urine analysis processing
HEMATOCRIT
HEMAGLOBIN
BLADDER CANCER TEST
GLUCOSE TEST
BODY FAT ANALYSIS
TOTAL CHOLESTEROL
AST/ALT
TSH
10 PARAMETER DRUG SCREEN
BREATHALYZER FOR ALCOHOL
PREGNANCY TEST
U/A
NICOTINE
SALIVA ALCOHOL
FECAL OCCULT BLOOD
HIV

1 final exam worth 100 points:
Passing score of 70% or better required. < 70% is failing.

No prior experience is required

  • National exam for clinical laboratory assistant
  • Laboratory procedure manual

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